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DS2 Necromorphs
几种常见的尸变体。
"More of what?! What the hell are those things? Is that the crew?!"
Kendra Daniels

尸变体(Necromorphs)是被外形感染源以基因重组转化为新的可怕外形的死尸。这些生物极具攻击性,会攻击视线内的任何生物体。几乎所有尸变体的共同目的就是制造更多的尸体以传播感染。它们被某些人视为人类升华的象征,但从实际显示出的情况来看,极有可能是被改造过的异星科技的极度危险的产物。

生理 编辑

感染,结合,复苏(?,Reanimation)编辑

要完全感染宿主的身体,宿主必须先被杀死。由于不明原因,当一名活着的受害者被感染源感染时转化并没有发生,此种方式的感染所带来的症状并不会造成直接和迅速的死亡。但必须注意,感染造成的麻痹,紧张(?),呼吸衰竭症状仍会使此受害者易于被其他感染体杀死。

当宿主死亡后,感染原体便开始对其进行转化。过程十分迅速而猛烈。Cellular functions go into a self destructive overdrive, new biologically active compounds are generated and then metabolized by reanimated flesh to fuel further mutation of once dead flesh. Bones are broken, put together in new configurations, or turned into entirely new forms. All of this takes place in a handful of seconds, and generates tremendous amounts of heat. More often than not, the twisting corpse becomes so hot that stagnant blood boils in the veins and arteries, rupturing skin. Vital and digestive organs that are no longer needed are turned into additional musculature, giving all Necromorphs increased strength. Seemingly not needing such a complex, vulnerable support system, the re-purposing of these organs also allows the recombinant organism an almost unnatural resistance to injury.

Pure Necromorph tissue is light pink and translucent. It is capable of movement and sticks to surfaces. The pink tissue is capable of consuming and reconstructing necrotic flesh and can transform living flesh when injected directly into a person's blood stream.

The actual type of Necromorph created largely depends on the location and circumstance, for example Lurkers are created from any infant human. However, some Necromorphs are clearly composed of more than one human (see Brute, Tripod or Graverobber), which is an indication that some form of intelligence is at work allocating biomass for specific use. This is especially troubling, as it shows a degree of planning and forethought not found in simple creatures.

All Necromorphs are extremely hardy and capable of surviving in lethal environments such as the vacuum of space. This evidences a total lack of respiration or reliance upon vascular activity. It is this lack of a vascular support system, more than anything else, that is the primary reason for their hardiness. As experience shows, shooting them in the torso where a normal organism can be counted to go down due to internal bleeding and vascular shock is ineffective. While shots to center mass are still disruptive and will kill them eventually, it is extremely wasteful and potentially lethal; a person may waste a large amount of ammunition, or may be attacked by other Necromorphs while they are concentrated on one.

The Necromorph infection is not only limited to humans, Dead Space: Martyr describes a Necromorph fish which behaves like all other Necromorphs, as it attacks another fish in order to kill and infect it.The Stalker is made up of animal body parts.

Not all dead flesh appears to be used for mobile Necromorph forms; a massive, mat-like growth known as The Corruption is present. The Cyst, Nest, the Guardian, and the Drag Tentacles are also present.

行为和生态 编辑

"它们不是怪物,是野兽。致命的野兽。"
Catherine Howel

尸变体极具攻击性;它们攻击视线内的任何非尸变体生物,无论何种种族与年龄。此种行为的唯一目的是迅速散播感染。尽管该生物看似为无意识的杀戮机器,有时却显示出具备战术规划和合作行为。它们通常以混合了半数特殊种类的小群(see Pack)进行猎杀,并使用潜行、伪装、或群集战术来占据优势。这需要一个战略的思考角度,并明确显示出一定程度的个体智能和交流。这方面的例子包括使用通风管道偷袭猎物,装死直到受害者进入攻击范围内或转过身去时才发动攻击,或使用诱饵吸引已知的威胁进入埋伏。

Creatures not currently engaging a non-Necromorph target have been observed as performing several different behaviors. Many will wander aimlessly, almost passively, with no real destination, until they are aware of a new victim to kill that they will immediately engage. Some will drag bodies to a different location, possibly to make it easier for an Infector to find. Some will hide themselves inside ventilation shafts, setting up new or resetting previous ambush sites. Some will simply stand in place, waiting for a new victim to come to them. When a target is present but out of range, they will often watch the victim and attempt to intimidate them with loud growls and threatening poses.

在群集战术外该生物从未被真正被观察到有直接沟通,(other than the Stalkers, and The Pack see below). 它们彼此不进行可闻交流,不进行交流性触碰(though one might get in the way of another during an attack),它们也从未被记录到彼此交换敏感化学信号,信息素从未被提及。

死亡空间2中Stalkers的介绍来看,它们的反应能力提升了。除Hive Mind外, Stalkers在尸变体中显示出具有最强的群体意识和个体智能,它们会从角落中窥视以引诱艾萨克,另一只则会从不同方向发动冲锋。它们也是唯一已知的直接与同类交流的尸变体。它们发出的声音可能具有某些意义,e.g. 当艾萨克移动时Stalkers会发出声音警告其它Stalkers。也有可能是它们如同Pack般彼此交流

肢解 编辑

Dismembering limbs
肢解是唯一能消灭尸变体的办法。
"打断腿,它们会爬着靠近你。打断一只手,它们会用另一只手切开你。不,唯一真正能干掉这些家伙的办法是彻底切碎它们。"
—Glen Schofield, Dead Space Executive Producer [1]

如上所述,尸变体不受正常躯体所必需的相关器官、神经中枢系统、呼吸、或血管等缺点制约。可以杀死一个正常人的伤害,例如射穿头部,对它们影响甚微。

数不清的人死于不了解尸变体的弱点:肢解。唯一可以有效杀死该生物的方法是通过去除头部、手臂、腿、及其它附属器官将其切成碎块。某些尸变体像The HunterThe Ubermorph 无法通过肢解杀死,因为它们所有身体部分都可以再生。

有策略性的去除生物肢体的行为被死亡空间的开发团队称为"肢解战略".[2] 每个生物都有相对应的肢解策略:某些在去除足够的肢体后便会死去,某些会因特定的肢体被切断而即刻死亡, 而某些在被 击中错误的部位后会更具危险性。反复尝试后才能学会如何正确的肢解生物。 肢解不仅是唯一能有效阻止变体恐惧的方法,也是最好的生存之道。

Trivia编辑

  • Necromorphs have similiarities to the creatures called "Xenomorphs" in the movie "Aliens" in that they will travel by vent or other areas that they climb from for the element of suprise in addition to the similar names.
  • Necromorphs are most similar to the creatures from the movie "The Thing" because like the Necromorphs, the creature in the movie could infect and than take over the host using parts of the host's previous form. In one scene of the movie, one of the characters head's fall off and the result is something that looks almost identical to a Divider spawn head.
  • The term "Necromorph" is a neologism comprised of the root words "necro" (from the greek word 'νεκρός ~ nekros') meaning "dead" and "morph" (from the greek 'μορφή ~ morfee') meaning "form" or "shape"; thus "Necromorph" can be translated into the synonymical morphologically parsed term "Dead-Form", an apt name for the creatures given their nature.
  • According to the design team, the key idea of the Necromorphs is that they are made up entirely of human body parts: scythe arms were once the bones of the human host, tentacles are made up of a host's intestines, etc. All of their parts are made up of re-purposed parts of the previous host. The team studied medical, autopsy, and accident photos in order to recreate the effect of a ravaged human body, to give a sense of realism as to how the human bodies in the games have been twisted into monsters. [3]
  • The Necromorphs seem to be less inclined to attack those under the influence of the Markers, as shown in the comics. Natalia Deshyanov was not attacked by the Necromorphs as she was making her way to the rover bay, only observed.
  • The name "Necromorph" was first coined by Dr. Kyne, according to this log.
  • As evidenced in Dead Space 2's multiplayer, Necromorphs can see neuron strands in the human body. It is possible to speculate that Necromorphs can sense electric impulses.
  • Every known Necromorph form has been shown to be dismember-able in some way, excluding the Creeper from Dead Space: Martyr and the Wheezer from Dead Space.
  • If a Necromorph places Isaac Clarke or Gabe Weller in a quick-time event with other Necromorphs around, the other Necromorphs will just wait patiently to attack while Isaac or Gabe fight off the holding Necromorph.

画廊编辑

Sources编辑

See also编辑

Known Necromorph forms编辑

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